Quick Answer: What Are The Concepts Of DRR?

What are the key concepts of DRR?

Disaster risk reduction (also referred to as just disaster reduction) is defined as the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise ….

What are the 10 natural disasters?

Here are 10 of the deadliest natural disasters in 2018, according to data from the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, based in Belgium.Papua New Guinea: Earthquake. … North Korea: Floods. … Pakistan: Heat Wave. … Nigeria: Floods. … Japan: Floods. … India: Floods. … Guatemala: Volcanic Eruption. … Indonesia: Tsunami.More items…•

How do you manage disaster risk?

Disaster risk management aims to avoid the generation of new risks, improves resilience to the effects of natural events and contributes to sustain- able development. Specific risk factors can have very different implications for different population groups within a society or groups in particular geographic areas.

How can we reduce the risk of disaster?

Disaster mitigation – Structural and non-structural measures undertaken to limit the adverse impact of natural hazards; for example, planting mangroves to reduce the risk posed by tidal surges or raising awareness of natural hazards through school-based education projects.

What are the four phases of disaster management?

Emergency managers think of disasters as recurring events with four phases: Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery.

What is a response plan?

Emergency Response Plan — a set of written procedures for dealing with emergencies that minimize the impact of the event and facilitate recovery from the event.

What is the function of Drrm?

Local DRRM Offices As functional arms of the local governments, these Offices are responsible to create a Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan according to the Framework of the NDRRMC covering 4 aspects including disaster preparedness, response, prevention and mitigation, and rehabilitation and recovery.

What is the meaning of DRR?

disaster risk reductionThe policy objective of anticipating and reducing risk is called disaster risk reduction (DRR). Although often used interchangeably with DRR, disaster risk management (DRM) can be thought of as the implementation of DRR, since it describes the actions that aim to achieve the objective of reducing risk.

What are the five phases of disaster management?

Prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery are the five steps of Emergency Management.Prevention. Actions taken to avoid and incident. … Mitigation. … Preparedness. … Response. … Recovery.

What are the 5 natural disasters?

Each can be quite powerful and cause severe damage to the environment and the people who live there.Hurricane, Typhoons & Cyclones. … Earthquakes. … Hurricanes, Typhoons, and Cyclones.Tsunamis.Floods.Mudslides.Avalanches.

What is effect of disaster?

In a disaster, you face the danger of death or physical injury. You may also lose your home, possessions, and community. Such stressors place you at risk for emotional and physical health problems. Stress reactions after a disaster look very much like the common reactions seen after any type of trauma.

What is the important of DRR?

The Importance of DRR Education: Empowering Communities to Mitigate Natural Hazards. Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) education is crucial for all communities living in disaster prone areas. … Education can have a catalytic effect to strengthen communities and reduce vulnerability.

What are the 3 types of disasters?

Findings – Disasters are classified into three types: naturals, man-mades, and hybrid disasters. It is believed that the three disaster types cover all disastrous events.

What are the four classifications of disasters?

The new classification distinguishes two generic disaster groups: natural and technological disasters. The natural disaster category being divided into six disaster groups: Biological, Geophysical, Meteorological, Hydrological, Climatological and Extra-Terrestrial.

What are 5 man made disasters?

The Top 20 Biggest Man-Made DisastersThe Bhopal Gas Leak. The victims of the gas leak. … The Jilin Chemical Explosion. The toxic cloud from the explosion. … The Tennesse Coal Ash Spill. A house in Kingston buried in the ash. … The Sidoarjo mud volcano. … The North Pacific Garbage Patch. … The Gulf War Spill. … The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. … The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill.More items…•