Question: What Is Meant By Industrial Relations?

What are the three actors in industrial relations?

There are many models of industrial relations.

Notable among these is the British model.

In the British model of industrial relations, there are three principal actors.

These are: (i) the workers and their trade unions, (ii) the employers and their associations, and, (iii)the government and its agencies..

What are the causes of industrial conflict?

The causes of industrial disputes are many and varied. The major ones related to wages, union rivalry, political interference, unfair labour practices, multiplicity of labour laws, economic slowdown and others.

What do u mean by industrial relations?

Industrial relations or employment relations is the multidisciplinary academic field that studies the employment relationship; that is, the complex interrelations between employers and employees, labor/trade unions, employer organizations and the state.

What are the models of industrial relations?

Industrial Strength Sociology and psychology are among the academic disciplines used in industrial relations models to further analyze interactions. Those models influence employment laws, organizational structure and leadership theories.

What are the main aspects of industrial relations?

Industrial relations also includes the processes through which these relationships are expressed (such as, collective bargaining, workers’ participation in decision-making, and grievance and dispute settlement), and the management of conflict between employers, workers and trade unions, when it arises.

What are the different types of industrial disputes?

Types of Industrial Disputes: Strikes, Lockouts, Picketing, Gherao, Lay Off, Retrenchment and BoycottType # 1. Strikes:Type # 2. Lockouts:Type # 3. Picketing:Type # 4. Gherao:Strikes:Lockout:Lay Off:Retrenchment:More items…

What are the 7 functions of HR?

So, let us find out more about each of these seven functions of HRM.Job design and job analysis. … Employee hiring and selection. … Employee training & development. … Compensation and Benefits. … Employee performance management. … Managerial relations. … Labour relations.

What is the meaning of industrial disputes?

The Industrial Disputes Act defines “Industrial dispute” as a dispute or difference between workmen and employers or between workmen and workmen, which is connected with employment or non-employment or the terms of employment or with the conditions of labour.

What is industrial peace?

industrial peace (uncountable) A state in industrial relations in which both employer and employees abstain from industrial action, such as strikes and lockouts.

What is the purpose of industrial relations?

The Industrial Relations Commission conciliates and arbitrates to resolve industrial disputes, sets conditions of employment and fixes wages and salaries by making industrial awards, approves enterprise agreements and decides claims of unfair dismissal.

What are the causes of poor industrial relations?

5 Causes of Poor Employer-Employee RelationsEconomic Causes: Poor wages and poor working conditions are the main reasons for unhealthy relations among management and labour. … Organisational Causes: … Social Causes: … Psychological Causes: … Political Causes:

What are the effects of poor industrial relations?

Adverse effect on efficiency, low-grade production, negligence in the execution of work, absenteeism among the workers, high rate of labour turn-over etc. are the evils that result from poor industrial relations.

How can industrial relations be improved?

The participation of workers in the management of the industrial unit should be encouraged by making effective use of works committees, joint consultation and other methods. This will improve communication between managers and workers, increase productivity and lead to greater effectiveness.

What are the effects of industrial disputes?

Arputharaj and Gayatri [6] opined that the consequences of industrial disputes are many, but gave a brief general description of these as disturbance of economic, social and political life of a country, loss of output, decline in the demand for goods and services, lasting loss to the workers, increase in indebtedness, …

How many types of industrial relations are there?

four typesIndustrial relations include four types of relations: (i) Labour relations i.e., relations between union- management (also known as labour management relations); (ii) Group relations i.e., relations between various groups of workmen i.e., workmen, supervisors, technical persons, etc.