Question: What Is Brain Stem Responsible For?

What 3 parts make up the brainstem?

The brainstem is divided into three sections in humans: the midbrain (mesencephalon), the pons (metencephalon), and the medulla oblongata (myelencephalon)..

What would happen if there was damage to the brain stem?

A brain stem injury can cause dizziness or lack of motor function, with more severe cases resulting in paralysis, coma, or death. Treatment can be extremely expensive, and many victims are unable to work while coping with a brain stem injury.

Where is the stem of the brain?

The brainstem or Truncus encephali in Latin is a brain structure located between the medulla and the spinal cord (1). It is the base of the brain. It consists of the midbrain, the medulla oblongata or the long medulla, the Varoli’s bridge, and the spinal cord.

How far down does the brain stem go?

The brain stem is a tube-shaped mass of nervous tissue a little over 3 inches (8 cm) long. It is located at the base of the brain, superior to the spinal cord and inferior to the cerebrum.

What is the treatment for a brain stem stroke?

In the event of ischemic stroke, the first line of treatment is to dissolve or remove the blood clot. If a stroke is diagnosed quickly enough, a clot-busting medications can be given. If possible, a catheter can be used to remove the clot in a procedure called an embolectomy.

Can you fully recover from a brain stem stroke?

Recovery is possible. Because brain stem strokes do not usually affect language ability, the patient is often able to participate more fully in rehabilitation therapy. Double vision and vertigo usually resolve after several weeks of recovery in mild to moderate brain stem strokes.

What are the symptoms of a brain stem stroke?

The symptoms of a brainstem stroke can be severe and may include:Problems with vital functions, such as breathing.Difficulty with chewing, swallowing, and speaking.Weakness or paralysis in the arms, legs, and/or face.Problems with balance or sensation.Hearing loss.Vision problems.More items…

What diseases affect the brain stem?

In various known neurological disorders, the degeneration of brain parenchyma originates from and/or primarily affects the brain stem, such as in olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), several spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) types and various entities of leukodystrophies [2–4].

What are the brain stem reflexes?

Brainstem reflexes should be evaluated, including pupillary reactivity, spontaneous eye position and movements, vestibule-oculocephalic reflexes, corneal reflexes, cough, and gag reflexes.

How does the brain stem work?

Brain Stem Keeps You Breathing — and More It connects the rest of the brain to the spinal cord, which runs down your neck and back. The brain stem is in charge of all the functions your body needs to stay alive, like breathing air, digesting food, and circulating blood.

What are the 3 parts of the brainstem and their functions?

The brainstem (brain stem) is the distal part of the brain that is made up of the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. Each of the three components has its own unique structure and function. Together, they help to regulate breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, and several other important functions.

What causes brainstem?

The brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior part of the brain, continuous with the spinal cord. In the human brain the brainstem is composed of the midbrain, the pons, and the medulla oblongata.

Can the brain stem repair itself?

“The brain is not good at repairing itself, but these newly-discovered stem cells suggest there may be a way to improve its ability,” says one of the researchers, molecular biologist Andrea Brand. “These stem cells are in a dormant state, but once awake, they have the ability to generate key brain cells.”

Can you live without a brain stem?

Of course the brain stem which sits at the bottom of the brain and connects to the spine was normal. Since it controls vital functions such as breathing, swallowing, digestion, eye movement and heartbeat, there can be no life without it.

What part of the brain controls emotions?

limbic systemThe limbic system is a brain area, located between the brain stem and the two cerebral hemispheres, that governs emotion and memory. It includes the amygdala, the hypothalamus, and the hippocampus.