- What are the abnormalities in urine?
- How do I prepare for a urine test?
- What infections can be found in urine?
- Why would my doctor ask for a repeat urine sample?
- What gets checked in a urine sample?
- Will STD show up in UTI test?
- What is a positive urine test?
- How do I read my urine test results?
- What does it mean if your urine sample is contaminated?
- What should not be found in a normal urine sample?
- Can a urine test detect STDs?
What are the abnormalities in urine?
Asymptomatic urinary abnormalities that are commonly diagnosed by dipstick and microscopic examination of urine are glycosuria, pyuria, crystalluria, bacteriuria, hematuria, and proteinuria: Glycosuria: Glycosuria in the absence of hyperglycemia suggests renal glycosuria or proximal tubular disease..
How do I prepare for a urine test?
Preparing for urinalysis Before your test, make sure to drink plenty of water so you can give an adequate urine sample. However, drinking excessive amounts of water may cause inaccurate results. One or two extra glasses of fluid, which can include juice or milk if your diet allows, is all you need the day of the test.
What infections can be found in urine?
The most common cause for WBCs in urine (leukocyturia) is a bacterial urinary tract infection (UTI), such as a bladder or kidney infection. In addition to WBCs, bacteria and RBCs may also be seen in the microscopic examination. If bacteria are present, the chemical test for nitrite may also be positive (see below).
Why would my doctor ask for a repeat urine sample?
If your doctor thinks you may have hematuria, you will have a repeat urine test to make sure the first test was right. Your doctor will ask you about your health history, including infections, kidney stones, smoking, menstruation and recent injuries. He or she will also ask about medications you are taking.
What gets checked in a urine sample?
Urine tests are most commonly done to check: for infections – such as a urinary tract infection (UTI) or some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia in men. if you are passing any protein in your urine as a result of kidney damage – this is known as an ACR test.
Will STD show up in UTI test?
The two sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) medical providers can detect using a urine test are chlamydia and gonorrhea.
What is a positive urine test?
ANSWER. If your urine test is positive, it means your kidneys can no longer filter your blood as well as they should. It also shows you have blood vessel disease that could lead to heart problems.
How do I read my urine test results?
Normal values are as follows:Color – Yellow (light/pale to dark/deep amber)Clarity/turbidity – Clear or cloudy.pH – 4.5-8.Specific gravity – 1.005-1.025.Glucose – ≤130 mg/d.Ketones – None.Nitrites – Negative.Leukocyte esterase – Negative.More items…•
What does it mean if your urine sample is contaminated?
If the urine is not collected in a sterile manner the urine sample may be ‘contaminated’ by bacteria that originate from the skin or genital area, and not from the urinary tract. This is often described by the clinical laboratory as ‘mixed growth bacteria’.
What should not be found in a normal urine sample?
Normal urine varies in color from almost colorless to dark yellow. Some foods, such as beets and blackberries, may turn urine red. Usually, glucose, ketones, protein, and bilirubin are not detectable in urine….The following are not normally found in urine:Hemoglobin.Nitrites.Red blood cells.White blood cells.
Can a urine test detect STDs?
Most STIs can be tested for using urine or blood samples. Your doctor can order urine or blood tests to check for: chlamydia. gonorrhea.