Question: What Are Lower Respiratory Problems?

How long are you contagious with lower respiratory infection?

People with URI should reduce contact with others to avoid the spread of infection.

Adults may be infectious from the day before symptoms begin through approximately 5 days after the onset of illness..

What causes a lower respiratory infection?

Lower Respiratory Infections: Bronchitis, Bronchiolitis and Pneumonia. Etiology: Causative agents of lower respiratory infections are viral or bacterial. Viruses cause most cases of bronchitis and bronchiolitis. In community-acquired pneumonias, the most common bacterial agent is Streptococcus pneumoniae.

What is a lower respiratory infection?

Acute lower respiratory infections include pneumonia (infection of the lung alveoli), as well as infections affecting the airways such as acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis, influenza and whooping cough.

Which disease or disorder affects the lower respiratory system?

The two main conditions contributing to death and disability are asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Both are clinical diagnoses and are associated with narrowed airways and difficulty exhaling.

What is the difference between an upper respiratory infection and a lower respiratory infection?

Upper respiratory infections affect the parts of the respiratory tract that are higher on the body, including the nose, sinuses, and throat, while lower respiratory infections affect the airways and lungs.

What is the lower respiratory system responsible for?

The lower respiratory system, or lower respiratory tract, consists of the trachea, the bronchi and bronchioles, and the alveoli, which make up the lungs. These structures pull in air from the upper respiratory system, absorb the oxygen, and release carbon dioxide in exchange.

Is asthma a lower respiratory infection?

sinusitis or asthma). Bronchiolitis is the most common lower respiratory tract infection and the most common cause of admission to hospital in the first 12 months of life (see chapter 16).

Is asthma a lower respiratory disease?

CLRD actually comprises three major diseases, i.e., chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma, that are all characterized by shortness of breath caused by airway obstruction1.

What is the best antibiotic for lower respiratory infection?

Clarithromycin (1854, 25.00%), amoxicillin (1069, 14.41%), cefuroxime (800, 10.79%) and azithromycin (783, 10.56%) were the most commonly prescribed antibiotics associated with acute LRTI.

How do I know if I have a lower respiratory infection?

Symptoms include shortness of breath, weakness, fever, coughing and fatigue. A routine chest X-ray is not always necessary for people who have symptoms of a lower respiratory tract infection.

What are the 4 stages of pneumonia?

Four Stages of PneumoniaCongestion. This stage occurs within the first 24 hours of contracting pneumonia. … Red Hepatization. This stage occurs two to three days after congestion. … Grey Hepatization. This stage will occur two to three days after red hepatization and is an avascular stage. … Resolution. … ‍ … Is Pneumonia Contagious?

How do I know if I have a lung infection?

Fever, sweating and shaking chills. Shortness of breath. Rapid, shallow breathing. Sharp or stabbing chest pain that gets worse when you breathe deeply or cough.

How is lower respiratory infection treated?

MedicationsNonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, naproxen, or aspirin can relieve pain and fever.Acetaminophen can also provide relief from pain and fever.Using a bronchodilator inhaler can help wheezing and shortness of breath.More items…

How do you tell if you have a lower respiratory infection?

People who have lower respiratory tract infections will experience coughing as the primary symptom. People with upper respiratory tract infections will feel the symptoms mainly above the neck, such as sneezing, headaches, and sore throats. They may also experience body aches, especially if they have a fever.

How long does a lower respiratory tract infection last?

Most RTIs pass within 1 to 2 weeks. You can usually treat your symptoms at home.