Question: How Do You Handle Classified Information?

What is it called when you leak information?

When several leaks take place over a period of time, then the individual doing the leaking is known as a mole.

The term was popularised in the works of John Le Carré.

In Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy, much is made of the character Smiley searching for the mole in British Intelligence leaking information to the Soviets..

What is leak journalism?

A news leak is the unsanctioned release of confidential information to news media. It can also be the premature publication of information by a news outlet, of information that it has agreed not to release before a specified time, in violation of a news embargo.

What are the types of confidentiality?

Accountant/client confidentialitySharing client information with a third party without permission or the authority to do so.Using confidential information for your own personal gain (or someone else’s)Leaving personal or sensitive information accessible to others (for example on an unsecure computer or mobile device)

What is needed for classified information?

Classified information may be made available to a person only when the possessor of the information establishes that the person has a valid “need to know” and the access is essential to the accomplishment of official government duties.

What are the 3 levels of classified information?

The U.S. government uses three levels of classification to designate how sensitive certain information is: confidential, secret and top secret. The lowest level, confidential, designates information that if released could damage U.S. national security.

Why is information classified?

The purpose of classification is to protect information. Higher classifications protect information that might endanger national security. Classification formalises what constitutes a “state secret” and accords different levels of protection based on the expected damage the information might cause in the wrong hands.

How long is information classified?

The originating agency assigns a declassification date, by default 10 years. After 25 years, declassification review is automatic with nine narrow exceptions that allow information to remain as classified. At 50 years, there are two exceptions, and classifications beyond 75 years require special permission.

What is Cosmic Top Secret?

COSMIC TOP SECRET (CTS) – This security classification is applied to information the unauthorized disclosure of which would cause exceptionally grave damage to NATO. (NOTE: The marking “COSMIC” is applied to TOP SECRET material to signify that it is the property of NATO. The term “NATO TOP SECRET” is not used.)

What is the color of top secret?

From the highest to the lowest level these are:- TOP SECRET (TS, color code: orange) – SECRET (S, color code: red) … – UNCLASSIFIED (U, color code: green)EARPOP. … VERDANT (VER) … PANGRAM (PM) … MEDITATE (M) … SPECTRE. … LOMA.More items…•

Which is a good practice to protect classified information?

Which is a good practice to protect classified information? Ensure proper labeling by appropriately marking all classified material and, when required, sensitive material.

What happens if you leak classified information?

Intentionally disclosing classified information without authorization is a federal crime under the espionage act. … Punishment may be up to ten years in prison, a large fine, or could even get you charged with treason.

What is the most important purpose of information classification?

Information Classification helps to ensure that individuals involved inside the organization have the knowledge and are aware of the type of data they are working with and its value, as well as their obligations and responsibilities in protecting it and preventing data breach or loss.

What is the name for the intentional unauthorized disclosure of classified information?

Whether we agree that keeping select information “secret,” is really best for the American people or not, the truth is that unauthorized disclosure of classified information in the United States is a crime under the Espionage Act of 1917.

How do you store classified documents?

All classified material must be stored in a secure room, a GSA-approved storage container, such as a cabinet or safe or a vault or modular vault, or a sensitive compartmented information facility (SCIF).

What jobs are top secret?

10 top-secret jobsFBI special agent. … CIA operations officer. … Secret Service special agent. … Nuclear engineer. … Detective. … National Security Agency language analyst. … Psychiatrist. … Biometric technology developer.More items…•

What is information classification process?

Information classification is a process in which organisations assess the data that they hold and the level of protection it should be given. Organisations usually classify information in terms of confidentiality – i.e. who is granted access to see it. … Confidential (only senior management have access)

What kind of information is top secret?

“Top Secret shall be applied to information, the unauthorized disclosure of which reasonably could be expected to cause “exceptionally grave damage” to the National Security that the original classification authority is able to identify or describe.” It is believed that 1.4 million Americans have top secret clearances.

What are four classifications of information?

Data Classification Levels Data Classification in Government organizations commonly includes five levels: Top Secret, Secret, Confidential, Sensitive, and Unclassified. These can be adopted by commercial organizations, but, most often, we find four levels, Restricted, Confidential, Internal, Public.

What is the primary purpose of information classification?

Information classification is the process of assigning value to information in order to organize it according to its risk to loss or harm from disclosure.

What are the 7 classification levels?

There are seven main taxonomic ranks: kingdom, phylum or division, class, order, family, genus, species.

How is classified information destroyed?

Classified material may be destroyed by burning, shredding, pulping, melting, mutilation, chemical decomposition, or pulverizing (for example, hammer mills, choppers, and hybridized disin- tegration equipment). Pulpers, pulverizers, or shedders may be used only for the destruction of paper products.